REVIEWS & COMMENTS
DECIPHERING THE MODES OF HUMAN SEPARASE INHIBITION BY SECURIN AND CDK1-CCNB1
Molecular & Cellular Oncology; September 24th, 2021
Accurate chromosome segregation depends on tight regulation of the protease separase, which cleaves the ring-shaped cohesin complex that entraps the two sister chromatids. We recently reported structures of human separase bound to its inhibitors securin or the cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (CDK1)-cyclin B1 (CCNB1)-cyclin-dependent kinases regulatory subunit 1 (CKS1) complex and discovered an array of molecular mechanisms that block cohesin-cleavage.
THE POTENTIAL OF CRYO-ELECTRON MICROSCOPY FOR STRUCTURE-BASED DRUG DESIGN
Essays in Biochemistry; November 8th, 2017
Structure-based drug design plays a central role in therapeutic development. Until recently, protein crystallography and NMR have dominated experimental approaches to obtain structural information of biological molecules. However, in recent years rapid technical developments in single particle cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) have enabled the determination to near-atomic resolution of macromolecules ranging from large multi-subunit molecular machines to proteins as small as 64 kDa. These advances have revolutionized structural biology by hugely expanding both the range of macromolecules whose structures can be determined, and by providing a description of macromolecular dynamics. Cryo-EM is now poised to similarly transform the discipline of structure-based drug discovery. This article reviews the potential of cryo-EM for drug discovery with reference to protein ligand complex structures determined using this technique.